Fishing, like hunting, is a sport that involves a lot of lead up for a few exciting moments. Fortunately, the lead up actually happens to be pretty fun. And with the right fishing gear, the exciting moments can happen more frequently too.
The Right Fishing Gear
Whether it’s in an chilly mountain stream, a river, a lake, an ocean, or even on the ice, having the right fishing gear ensures that you’ll be ready when you have the opportunity to hook a fish.
Although the gear that you use can vary wildly depending on where you are fishing and what you are trying to catch, there are some basic components that are common denominators throughout the sport.
Here’s a quick look at your basic fishing gear:
A fishing rod (or pole) is where it all begins. While it’s true that you can catch fish without a fishing rod (and some people are crazy good at this), a rod offers several advantages.
Fishing rods allow you to cast further, and hit more spots from the same place. They also give you some leverage when you’ve hooked fish and you’re fighting them on the way in.
If you are brand new to fishing, and just heading out to casually fish with a couple friends, a rod and reel combo is a really great way to get started. They can be found inexpensively at big box stores, on Amazon, and of course at specialty stores like Cabela’s and Bass Pro Shops. An entry level rod and reel combo will get you up and running, and can be used with good results on lots of reservoirs or streams.
Once you have gotten your initial taste and are familiar with what kind of fish are in your area, you will want to get a rod that’s more specific to your situation. On the far end, surf rods can be 10-12 feet, and tire you out just casting them. Fly rods for fishing trout in streams are extremely light.
The fishing reel is what you wind your fishing line on. It keeps it organized and readily accessible if you need to quickly cast or pull your line in.
There are several different styles and sizes of reels, depending on the kind of fish you are after, and the type of water you will be fishing in. There are closed reels, open reels, reels with different locking mechanisms, and lots of other variables. As you would expect, the price can differ wildly, depending on the type of reel and quality of the components.
If you’re in the market for a reel, don’t miss our recommendations here.
Depending on what type of fish you are fishing for, the bait you use will be different. Catfish, trout, carp, crappie, bluegill, and bass all have different types of bait that will work best for them in certain conditions. Then again, the best bait for saltwater fishing is another whole story.
Additionally, the type of fishing that you are doing will do a lot to dictate what kind of bait you use as well. If you are spin-casting, trolling, or surf casting, it could be completely different. Literally every single fish combined with every single location could result in a different kind of bait.
We have you covered though. It this guide on bait selection, we offer up our best recommendations for several different situations.
As opposed to bait (that attracts fish based on scent), lures attract fish based on visual deception. Most lures have a mechanical component, which causes them to spin or flash. When they’re working, this causes curiosity in fish, and results in them taking the hook (or at least hitting it).
Lures have some pronounced advantages over bait. They are less messy. They are easier to swap out if you want to switch it up. And they make it easier to laser focus on the exact fish that you want to go after. On the flip side however, they are more costly. This makes it a bigger bummer if you lose them.
There are 6-7 basic classes of lures: jigs, flies, spoons, soft plastic baits, spinners, spinner baits, and plugs (actually a case for debate with 1-2 types). Spinners are great for beginners, and one of the more common lures, especially for lakes.
If you are looking to beef up the quiver of lures, check out our writeup and recommendations here.
Fishing line is tiny, but a critically important part of the overall equation. The right fishing line assists you in deception, casting, and pulling fish in.
Although considered a little bit new school, braided fishing line has taken the scene by a storm. Like the word “braided” connotes, it is actually comprised of miniscule little spider-web like strands. Most braided line for conventional reels, will be comprised of 4-8 carriers, and have 18-22 “pics” per inch (these are places where the carriers touch).
The upshot is that braided line offers some really distinct advantages–most notable, the fact that it is extremely thin, yet incredibly strong.
Read our full guide on the best braided line here.